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Eruptions in Iceland

Eruptions in Iceland during the 20th and 21st centuries

 


            Fimmvorduhals Eruption
Eyjafjallajokull eruption iceland
Eyjafjallajokull lava flow
Fimmvorduhals eyjafjallajokull eruption
Hekla eruption
People gathering at Eyjafjallajokull eruption
Eyjafjallajokull glacier eruption

Iceland has more volcanic activity than anywhere else on Earth. The Atlantic Ocean ridge lies through Iceland and the island is a proclaimed hot spot for there is a constant flow from mantle to surface of molten magma in Iceland. One third of all material that comes from volcanic activities on Earth are generated in Icelandic eruptions. Although Iceland is a small country and the volcanic activity zone is even smaller, 33% of all of Earth's lava flows, flow through Icelandic volcanic systems.

On average an eruption occurs in Iceland every 4 years.

Last eruption that occurred in Iceland was in 2010, on Fimmvorduhals and in Eyjafjallajokull glacier. Prior to that Grimsfjoll in Vatnajokull glacier erupted in 2004 and Hekla volcano erupted in the year 2000. Hekla is one of Iceland's most active volcanoes and erupted for instance in 1947, 1970, 1980, 1990 and 2000. So it's likely that Hekla will erupt soon. At least it is considered that the volcano is due to erupt and that it could happen at any given moment.

Several other volcanic systems are also due to erupt and it is estimated that Iceland will have at least 5 major eruptions for the next 10 years. An eruption every other year.

 

Eruptions in Iceland in the 20th and 21st centuries:

 

2011: Grimsvotn

 

2010 Fimmvorduhals and Eyjafjallajokull

 

2004: Grimsvotn

 

2000: Hekla

 

1998: Grimsvotn

 

1996: Gjalp

 

1991: Hekla

 

1984: Krafla

 

1983: Grimsvotn

 

1981: Krafla, 2 eruptions

 

1981: Hekla

 

1980: Hekla

 

1980: Krafla, 3 eruptions

 

1977: Krafla, 2 eruptions

 

1975: Krafla

 

1973: Sub-aquatic eruption about 5 kilometers south of Landeyjar in south Iceland.

 

1973: Heimaey

 

1970: Hekla

 

1963-1967: Surtsey

 

1961: Askja

 

1947: Hekla

 

1938: Grimsvotn

 

1934: Grimsvotn

 

1933: Grimsvotn

 

1929: Askja

 

1927: Askja

 

1926: Northeast of Eldey

 

1924: Askja

 

1923: Askja

 

1922: Askja, 2 eruptions

 

1922: Grimsvotn

 

1921: Askja

 

1918: Katla

 

1913: East of Heklu

 

1910: Thordarhyrna

 

1903: Thordarhyrna

 

1902: Grimsvotn

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