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Eruptions in Iceland

Eruptions in Iceland during the 20th and 21st centuries


            Fimmvorduhals Eruption
Eyjafjallajokull eruption iceland
Eyjafjallajokull lava flow
Fimmvorduhals eyjafjallajokull eruption
Hekla eruption
People gathering at Eyjafjallajokull eruption
Eyjafjallajokull glacier eruption

Iceland has more volcanic activity than anywhere else on Earth. The Atlantic Ocean ridge lies through Iceland and the island is a proclaimed hot spot for there is a constant flow from mantle to surface of molten magma in Iceland. One third of all material that comes from volcanic activities on Earth are generated in Icelandic eruptions. Although Iceland is a small country and the volcanic activity zone is even smaller, 33% of all of Earth's lava flows, flow through Icelandic volcanic systems.

On average an eruption occurs in Iceland every 4 years.

Last eruption that occurred in Iceland was in 2010, on Fimmvorduhals and in Eyjafjallajokull glacier. Prior to that Grimsfjoll in Vatnajokull glacier erupted in 2004 and Hekla volcano erupted in the year 2000. Hekla is one of Iceland's most active volcanoes and erupted for instance in 1947, 1970, 1980, 1990 and 2000. So it's likely that Hekla will erupt soon. At least it is considered that the volcano is due to erupt and that it could happen at any given moment.

Several other volcanic systems are also due to erupt and it is estimated that Iceland will have at least 5 major eruptions for the next 10 years. An eruption every other year.


Extreme Iceland offers tours to the locations of the eruption where and when it occurs. The tours are under the supervision of experienced mountain guides and Geologists. It doesn't matter where in Iceland the eruption may happen or when, we will take you to the spectacle of raw power erupting from the ground.
Feel free to book in advance for those trips and you'll be notified by our staff when next eruption happens.


Eruptions in Iceland in the 20th and 21st centuries:


2011: Grimsvotn


2010 Fimmvorduhals and Eyjafjallajokull


2004: Grimsvotn


2000: Hekla


1998: Grimsvotn


1996: Gjalp


1991: Hekla


1984: Krafla


1983: Grimsvotn


1981: Krafla, 2 eruptions


1981: Hekla


1980: Hekla


1980: Krafla, 3 eruptions


1977: Krafla, 2 eruptions


1975: Krafla


1973: Sub-aquatic eruption about 5 kilometers south of Landeyjar in south Iceland.


1973: Heimaey


1970: Hekla


1963-1967: Surtsey


1961: Askja


1947: Hekla


1938: Grimsvotn


1934: Grimsvotn


1933: Grimsvotn


1929: Askja


1927: Askja


1926: Northeast of Eldey


1924: Askja


1923: Askja


1922: Askja, 2 eruptions


1922: Grimsvotn


1921: Askja


1918: Katla


1913: East of Heklu


1910: Thordarhyrna


1903: Thordarhyrna


1902: Grimsvotn

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