The eruption began on 31st of August 2014 in the area of Holuhraun, and is a part of the central volvano system Bárðarbunga, which is one of the largest on earth. Holuhraun erupted for six months straight.
The new lava field around Bárðarbunga has been named Nornahraun which translates into Witches' lava. It is the largest lava field in Iceland since the eruption in Laki in 1783-1784.
The system will still be monitored closely, says the Scientific Advisory Board of the Civil Protection to Vísir. The gas pollution in the area is still present, and the restricted area north of the glacier Vatnajökull is still out of bounds. Bárðarbunga has gone from code orange to code yellow on the aviation color code map of Volvanic eurption in Iceland, meaning the current status of the volcanic activity has decreased significantly but continues to be closely monitored for possible renewed increase.
Geophysicist, Páll Einarsson, says tothe Reykjavík Grapevine that he would not rule out the possibility that further eruptions may begin elsewhere in the vicinity as it is uncertain how things are developing underneath Bárðarbunga.
«A large part of the volcanic system is under a glacier so it is very likely that there will be an eruption under the glacier with associated ash fall and floods,» says Kristín Jónsdóttir from the Icelandic Met Office to RÚV.
See how the eruption looked like in August 2014:
Visiting the new part of Earth
Extreme Iceland will from the middle of July go by super jeeps to the new lava field, on our brand new tour Extreme Planet - The Genesis at Holuhraun.
This tour takes you to this immense and still warm lava field and we will hike on this huge, new, warm lava field. We hope to hike around the largest crater, Baugur (or the Ring), explore the area and search for lava tubes. We will also see the highlands, Landmannalaugar, and go on the Golden Circle to explore the Geysers, Gullfoss (Golden Waterfall) and the the national park Thingvellir.
If you are interessted in seeing other Volcanos in Iceland, please see our Volcano and Eruption tours.
See how the eruption looked like in February 2015:
Contributed by: Elise Øygaren