The Golden Circle is for you whether you are young or old. On this trip you'll experience the very best that Iceland has to offer, everything between the mountains and the sea: glacial rivers, beautiful landscapes, wild scenery and, of course, three of the most famous locations in Iceland: Gullfoss, Geysir and Thingvellir. More information about each of these sites is found below.
Durée: 6+ hours
Disponibilité: All year
Included: Hotel pick up & drop off in Reykjavik/KEF Airport, tour tailored to your wishes. We provide the expertise and organization. You just choose the type of vehicle, activities, eating requests and so on.
Bring with you: Warm clothes, sturdy shoes.
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For groups only (not scheduled tour)
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Description du circuit
Although the Golden Circle is a classic, it doesn't mean that you need to search for extra fun and activities in other places of the country. The neighboring areas have a lot to offer, and it can be combined with the classic sights of Gullfoss Falls, the geysers, and the national park of Thingvellir.
How does it sound to go snorkeling or diving in the clear waters of the Silfra fissure? A caving tour in Gjabakkahellir lava tube? Or take an adrenalin boost on a snowmobile? Horse riding? Fishing?
More activity options: visiting the Fontana Geothermal Spa, hiking to the hot spring area of Reykjadalur, or attending the Geothermal Energy Exhibition at Hellisheiði Power Plant.
Your tour begins in the morning when we pick you up in or close to Reykjavik or at the International Airport in Keflavik. You choose how long you want the tour to last, for example, from 1 up to 3 days – whichever timescale suits you best.
Whilst you are driven to the places you have chosen to explore your guide will share their knowledge of the Icelandic Sagas, nature and folktales. We always make sure our passengers enjoy a tour which is informative, entertaining and memorable.
This tailor-made tour is designed to be customized to allow you to make the most of your holiday. At Extreme Iceland we want to give you the opportunity to see the Golden Circle in a comfortable and fun way which is exactly right for you. The tour ends when we drop you off in or close to Reykjavík, wherever you wish.
Gullfoss is a waterfall located in the canyon of the River Hvita in Southwest Iceland. Gullfoss is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Iceland, it is also without a doubt the most popular. The wide River Hvita rushes southward from the glacier lake of Hvitavatn (English: White River Lake) at Langjokull, a glacier about 40km north of Gullfoss. About a kilometre above the falls the river turns sharply to the left and flows down into a wide curved three-step "staircase", it then plunges abruptly in two stages of 11 and 21 metres into a crevice which is 32 metres deep.
This crevice is about 20 metres wide, 2.5 km in length and is at right angles to the flow of the river. The average amount of water pouring over this waterfall is 140 m³/s in the summertime and 80 m³/s in the wintertime. The highest flood volume was measured at 2000 m³/s. During the first half of the 20th century and some years into the late 20th century, there was much speculation about using Gullfoss to generate electricity. Foreign investors who rented Gullfoss indirectly from the owners wanted to build a hydroelectric power plant, which would have changed and destroyed Gullfoss forever.
Sigridur Tomasdottir, the daughter of Tomas Tomasson who owned the waterfall in the first half of the 20th century obviously felt very strongly about this. She lived at a farm nearby and loved Gullfoss as no one else.
Sigridur was determined to preserve the waterfall in its present condition and even threatened to throw herself into the waterfall. However, the attempts of the investors were thankfully unsuccessful, partly due to lack of money. Today everyone can see the memorial to Sigridur at the top of the falls which depicts her profile.
The geysers Geysir and Strokkur
Geysir, situated in the Haukadalur valley in Iceland, is the oldest known geyser. The English word "geyser" to describe a spouting hot spring derives from Geysir. (The name Geysir itself is derived from the Icelandic verb gjosa, meaning to erupt. The English verb gush is probably related to that word.) Geysir lies on the slopes of the hill known as Laugarfjall, which is also the home of geysir Strokkur. It erupts every few minutes nowadays. Eruptions at Geysir can hurl boiling water and steam up to 70 metres in the air.
The oldest accounts of a geyser at Haukadalur date back to 1294. Earthquakes in the area caused significant changes in the local neighbouring landscape creating several new hot springs. Changes in the activity of Geysir and the surrounding geysers are strongly related to earthquake activity.
Records dating back to 1630 show the geysers erupted so violently that the valley around them trembled. In recent times earthquakes have tended to revive the activity of the Geysir which then subsides again in the following years.
Thingvellir National Park
No single place epitomizes the history of Iceland and the Icelandic nation better than Thingvellir. At Thingvellir – literally "Parliament Plains" – the Althing General Assembly was established around 930 and continued to convene there until 1798. Major events in the history of Iceland have taken place at Thingvellir and therefore the place is held in high esteem by all Icelanders. Today Thingvellir is a protected national shrine.
According to the law, passed in 1928, the protected area shall always be the property of the Icelandic nation, under the preservation of the Althing.
In the last few decades, research has made it clear that Thingvellir is a natural wonder on an international scale, with the geologic history and the bio system of Lake Thingvallavatn forming a unique natural entity, a magnificent showcase. The ability to witness the development of species in a place like Lake Thingvallavatn is of immense value.
The Thingvellir area is part of a fissure zone running through Iceland, being situated on the tectonic plate boundaries of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The faults and fissures of the area make evident the rifting of the earth's crust. Thingvellir was declared a national park in 1930. A law was passed designating Thingvellir as "a protected national shrine for all Icelanders, the perpetual property of the Icelandic nation under the preservation of parliament, never to be sold or mortgaged."
In Thingvellir you can really find out how Iceland was born and how it is still growing geologically.